Female patient receiving oxygen therapy

Oxygen therapy

14 min read |

Breathing disorders such as pulmonary fibrosis can affect the movement of oxygen from the lungs into the blood. This means that the oxygen level in the blood may drop, and the body’s organs, tissues and cells may not get the amount of oxygen they need. This can lead to you feeling tired and being less active.1-3

Your treatment team may recommend supplemental oxygen to help you breathe more easily. Oxygen therapy keeps the level of oxygen in your blood above a certain level, which reduces breathlessness. It can, therefore, help people with pulmonary fibrosis to stay more active throughout their day.

Only your treatment team can guide you on when oxygen may be needed and what type of oxygen delivery should be used.

Quick Tip
An operation to replace a patient’s diseased lungs with lungs from a donor
View in glossary

The worsening of a disease/condition over time

View in glossary

A formal documentation when someone else is given the responsibility to manage your affairs and make certain decisions on your behalf

View in glossary

Refers to the lungs

View in glossary

A group of tests used to check how well the lungs take in and release air and how well they supply oxygen to the rest of the body14

View in glossary

A type of high blood pressure that affects the blood vessels to the lungs and the right side of the heart15

View in glossary

Therapy that provides relief from symptoms to help patients live more comfortably with their disease13

View in glossary

Administration of oxygen as a medical intervention11

View in glossary

A small plastic tube or prongs that fit in the nostrils to deliver supplementary oxygen11

View in glossary

Listening to and playing music as a therapy which aims to ease the symptoms of those living with IPF

View in glossary

A sleep disorder characterised by breathing that repeatedly stops and starts during sleep12

View in glossary

A specialist who helps someone recover or live with their symptoms more easily

View in glossary

A machine that removes other gases from the air to provide oxygen for oxygen therapy11

View in glossary

An education and exercise program designed to improve the quality of life for people with lung conditions16

View in glossary

A physician specialised in lung problems (also known as a respirologist)

View in glossary

A product that gives protection against a specific infection

View in glossary

A test used to monitor oxygen levels in a patient’s blood, usually with a non-invasive sensor11

View in glossary

A breathing technique to help control breathlessness and reduce anxiety17

View in glossary

A disease that affects only a small percentage of the population

View in glossary

Something that is associated with an increased risk of disease or infection

View in glossary

A technique that helps to reduce stress and anxiety by helping to understand and manage your emotions

View in glossary

Therapies used alongside conventional treatments that help treat symptoms and may improve overall physical and mental wellbeing

View in glossary

A medical study that investigates how safe and effective a new therapy or technique is for treating a certain disease

View in glossary

A disease or condition that occurs at the same time as another disease or condition

View in glossary

A device to deliver compressed air to improve sleep in people with obstructive sleep apnoea6

View in glossary

A disease where a waxy substance (plaque) builds up inside the coronary arteries, which supply oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle7

View in glossary

A type of chronic disease that typically worsens over time and is characterized by long-term breathing problems and poor airflow. Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are older terms used for COPD5

View in glossary

Refers to the heart, and blood vessels

View in glossary

A type of medication that aims to slow the scarring and stiffening of lungs to slow disease progression2

View in glossary

Tiny air sacs in the lungs where the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide to and from the blood takes place

View in glossary

A test that shows how well the lungs are working by measuring how much oxygen and carbon dioxide is in the blood. This test requires that a small volume of blood be drawn from the patient3

View in glossary

Techniques that involve breathing in a certain way to control breathlessness and strengthen your lungs

View in glossary

A procedure in which a bronchoscope (a medical instrument like a tube) is passed through the mouth or nose into the lung and fluid is squirted into a small part of the lung and then collected for examination4

View in glossary

A lung condition where the air sacs within the lungs (alveoli) become damaged5

View in glossary

Extreme weariness resulting from exertion or illness

View in glossary

Of unknown cause

View in glossary

Rapid and uncontrolled breathing

View in glossary

A disease where there is progressive scarring or thickening of the lungs without a known cause4

View in glossary

The surgical removal of cells or tissue samples from the lung for examination by a pathologist10

View in glossary

The lung tissue becomes thickened and stiff

View in glossary

A test that uses a type of X-ray that produces multiple, detailed images of areas inside the body4

View in glossary

A burning sensation in the chest, which can spread to the throat, along with a sour taste in the mouth

View in glossary

Where inflamed tissue is replaced with scar tissue, making it thicken and become stiffer4

View in glossary

A symptom where the ends of the fingers become wider and rounder8

View in glossary

A digestive disease where stomach acid moves up out of the stomach and irritates the lining of the food pipe (oesophagus)9

View in glossary

A physician specializing in the management of diseases of the digestive system

View in glossary

An event characterized by sudden, severe worsening of symptoms or an increase in disease severity1

View in glossary
Your treatment team should always be your point of contact when discussing oxygen therapy. If you think you need oxygen or higher doses of your oxygen, speak to your treatment team who can talk to you about the options available
An operation to replace a patient’s diseased lungs with lungs from a donor
View in glossary

The worsening of a disease/condition over time

View in glossary

A formal documentation when someone else is given the responsibility to manage your affairs and make certain decisions on your behalf

View in glossary

Refers to the lungs

View in glossary

A group of tests used to check how well the lungs take in and release air and how well they supply oxygen to the rest of the body14

View in glossary

A type of high blood pressure that affects the blood vessels to the lungs and the right side of the heart15

View in glossary

Therapy that provides relief from symptoms to help patients live more comfortably with their disease13

View in glossary

Administration of oxygen as a medical intervention11

View in glossary

A small plastic tube or prongs that fit in the nostrils to deliver supplementary oxygen11

View in glossary

Listening to and playing music as a therapy which aims to ease the symptoms of those living with IPF

View in glossary

A sleep disorder characterised by breathing that repeatedly stops and starts during sleep12

View in glossary

A specialist who helps someone recover or live with their symptoms more easily

View in glossary

A machine that removes other gases from the air to provide oxygen for oxygen therapy11

View in glossary

An education and exercise program designed to improve the quality of life for people with lung conditions16

View in glossary

A physician specialised in lung problems (also known as a respirologist)

View in glossary

A product that gives protection against a specific infection

View in glossary

A test used to monitor oxygen levels in a patient’s blood, usually with a non-invasive sensor11

View in glossary

A breathing technique to help control breathlessness and reduce anxiety17

View in glossary

A disease that affects only a small percentage of the population

View in glossary

Something that is associated with an increased risk of disease or infection

View in glossary

A technique that helps to reduce stress and anxiety by helping to understand and manage your emotions

View in glossary

Therapies used alongside conventional treatments that help treat symptoms and may improve overall physical and mental wellbeing

View in glossary

A medical study that investigates how safe and effective a new therapy or technique is for treating a certain disease

View in glossary

A disease or condition that occurs at the same time as another disease or condition

View in glossary

A device to deliver compressed air to improve sleep in people with obstructive sleep apnoea6

View in glossary

A disease where a waxy substance (plaque) builds up inside the coronary arteries, which supply oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle7

View in glossary

A type of chronic disease that typically worsens over time and is characterized by long-term breathing problems and poor airflow. Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are older terms used for COPD5

View in glossary

Refers to the heart, and blood vessels

View in glossary

A type of medication that aims to slow the scarring and stiffening of lungs to slow disease progression2

View in glossary

Tiny air sacs in the lungs where the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide to and from the blood takes place

View in glossary

A test that shows how well the lungs are working by measuring how much oxygen and carbon dioxide is in the blood. This test requires that a small volume of blood be drawn from the patient3

View in glossary

Techniques that involve breathing in a certain way to control breathlessness and strengthen your lungs

View in glossary

A procedure in which a bronchoscope (a medical instrument like a tube) is passed through the mouth or nose into the lung and fluid is squirted into a small part of the lung and then collected for examination4

View in glossary

A lung condition where the air sacs within the lungs (alveoli) become damaged5

View in glossary

Extreme weariness resulting from exertion or illness

View in glossary

Of unknown cause

View in glossary

Rapid and uncontrolled breathing

View in glossary

A disease where there is progressive scarring or thickening of the lungs without a known cause4

View in glossary

The surgical removal of cells or tissue samples from the lung for examination by a pathologist10

View in glossary

The lung tissue becomes thickened and stiff

View in glossary

A test that uses a type of X-ray that produces multiple, detailed images of areas inside the body4

View in glossary

A burning sensation in the chest, which can spread to the throat, along with a sour taste in the mouth

View in glossary

Where inflamed tissue is replaced with scar tissue, making it thicken and become stiffer4

View in glossary

A symptom where the ends of the fingers become wider and rounder8

View in glossary

A digestive disease where stomach acid moves up out of the stomach and irritates the lining of the food pipe (oesophagus)9

View in glossary

A physician specializing in the management of diseases of the digestive system

View in glossary

An event characterized by sudden, severe worsening of symptoms or an increase in disease severity1

View in glossary

Getting ready for oxygen therapy

Oxygen therapy will change how you approach your day-to-day life. Getting around the house and going out may become more of a challenge.2 However, with some advice and preparation, the transition can be made easier.

At first, you may only need oxygen to do physical activities, such as gardening or taking a walk. However, depending on your overall health, oxygen therapy may be needed throughout the day, even when you are resting.

As oxygen is considered a medicine, it must be prescribed by a doctor. Based on a series of tests, the prescription will provide details of how much oxygen you need and how often you will need it.

Your pulmonologist or respirologist, as part of your treatment team, will also discuss which type of oxygen and delivery system best suits you.

Types of oxygen delivery

  1. Diagram of patient receiving oxygen therapy
    Nasal cannula
    An operation to replace a patient’s diseased lungs with lungs from a donor
    View in glossary

    The worsening of a disease/condition over time

    View in glossary

    A formal documentation when someone else is given the responsibility to manage your affairs and make certain decisions on your behalf

    View in glossary

    Refers to the lungs

    View in glossary

    A group of tests used to check how well the lungs take in and release air and how well they supply oxygen to the rest of the body14

    View in glossary

    A type of high blood pressure that affects the blood vessels to the lungs and the right side of the heart15

    View in glossary

    Therapy that provides relief from symptoms to help patients live more comfortably with their disease13

    View in glossary

    Administration of oxygen as a medical intervention11

    View in glossary

    A small plastic tube or prongs that fit in the nostrils to deliver supplementary oxygen11

    View in glossary

    Listening to and playing music as a therapy which aims to ease the symptoms of those living with IPF

    View in glossary

    A sleep disorder characterised by breathing that repeatedly stops and starts during sleep12

    View in glossary

    A specialist who helps someone recover or live with their symptoms more easily

    View in glossary

    A machine that removes other gases from the air to provide oxygen for oxygen therapy11

    View in glossary

    An education and exercise program designed to improve the quality of life for people with lung conditions16

    View in glossary

    A physician specialised in lung problems (also known as a respirologist)

    View in glossary

    A product that gives protection against a specific infection

    View in glossary

    A test used to monitor oxygen levels in a patient’s blood, usually with a non-invasive sensor11

    View in glossary

    A breathing technique to help control breathlessness and reduce anxiety17

    View in glossary

    A disease that affects only a small percentage of the population

    View in glossary

    Something that is associated with an increased risk of disease or infection

    View in glossary

    A technique that helps to reduce stress and anxiety by helping to understand and manage your emotions

    View in glossary

    Therapies used alongside conventional treatments that help treat symptoms and may improve overall physical and mental wellbeing

    View in glossary

    A medical study that investigates how safe and effective a new therapy or technique is for treating a certain disease

    View in glossary

    A disease or condition that occurs at the same time as another disease or condition

    View in glossary

    A device to deliver compressed air to improve sleep in people with obstructive sleep apnoea6

    View in glossary

    A disease where a waxy substance (plaque) builds up inside the coronary arteries, which supply oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle7

    View in glossary

    A type of chronic disease that typically worsens over time and is characterized by long-term breathing problems and poor airflow. Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are older terms used for COPD5

    View in glossary

    Refers to the heart, and blood vessels

    View in glossary

    A type of medication that aims to slow the scarring and stiffening of lungs to slow disease progression2

    View in glossary

    Tiny air sacs in the lungs where the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide to and from the blood takes place

    View in glossary

    A test that shows how well the lungs are working by measuring how much oxygen and carbon dioxide is in the blood. This test requires that a small volume of blood be drawn from the patient3

    View in glossary

    Techniques that involve breathing in a certain way to control breathlessness and strengthen your lungs

    View in glossary

    A procedure in which a bronchoscope (a medical instrument like a tube) is passed through the mouth or nose into the lung and fluid is squirted into a small part of the lung and then collected for examination4

    View in glossary

    A lung condition where the air sacs within the lungs (alveoli) become damaged5

    View in glossary

    Extreme weariness resulting from exertion or illness

    View in glossary

    Of unknown cause

    View in glossary

    Rapid and uncontrolled breathing

    View in glossary

    A disease where there is progressive scarring or thickening of the lungs without a known cause4

    View in glossary

    The surgical removal of cells or tissue samples from the lung for examination by a pathologist10

    View in glossary

    The lung tissue becomes thickened and stiff

    View in glossary

    A test that uses a type of X-ray that produces multiple, detailed images of areas inside the body4

    View in glossary

    A burning sensation in the chest, which can spread to the throat, along with a sour taste in the mouth

    View in glossary

    Where inflamed tissue is replaced with scar tissue, making it thicken and become stiffer4

    View in glossary

    A symptom where the ends of the fingers become wider and rounder8

    View in glossary

    A digestive disease where stomach acid moves up out of the stomach and irritates the lining of the food pipe (oesophagus)9

    View in glossary

    A physician specializing in the management of diseases of the digestive system

    View in glossary

    An event characterized by sudden, severe worsening of symptoms or an increase in disease severity1

    View in glossary

    Small plastic tubes, or prongs, that fit into both of your nostrils.

  2. Diagram of a man wearing a face mask
    Face mask
    An operation to replace a patient’s diseased lungs with lungs from a donor
    View in glossary

    The worsening of a disease/condition over time

    View in glossary

    A formal documentation when someone else is given the responsibility to manage your affairs and make certain decisions on your behalf

    View in glossary

    Refers to the lungs

    View in glossary

    A group of tests used to check how well the lungs take in and release air and how well they supply oxygen to the rest of the body14

    View in glossary

    A type of high blood pressure that affects the blood vessels to the lungs and the right side of the heart15

    View in glossary

    Therapy that provides relief from symptoms to help patients live more comfortably with their disease13

    View in glossary

    Administration of oxygen as a medical intervention11

    View in glossary

    A small plastic tube or prongs that fit in the nostrils to deliver supplementary oxygen11

    View in glossary

    Listening to and playing music as a therapy which aims to ease the symptoms of those living with IPF

    View in glossary

    A sleep disorder characterised by breathing that repeatedly stops and starts during sleep12

    View in glossary

    A specialist who helps someone recover or live with their symptoms more easily

    View in glossary

    A machine that removes other gases from the air to provide oxygen for oxygen therapy11

    View in glossary

    An education and exercise program designed to improve the quality of life for people with lung conditions16

    View in glossary

    A physician specialised in lung problems (also known as a respirologist)

    View in glossary

    A product that gives protection against a specific infection

    View in glossary

    A test used to monitor oxygen levels in a patient’s blood, usually with a non-invasive sensor11

    View in glossary

    A breathing technique to help control breathlessness and reduce anxiety17

    View in glossary

    A disease that affects only a small percentage of the population

    View in glossary

    Something that is associated with an increased risk of disease or infection

    View in glossary

    A technique that helps to reduce stress and anxiety by helping to understand and manage your emotions

    View in glossary

    Therapies used alongside conventional treatments that help treat symptoms and may improve overall physical and mental wellbeing

    View in glossary

    A medical study that investigates how safe and effective a new therapy or technique is for treating a certain disease

    View in glossary

    A disease or condition that occurs at the same time as another disease or condition

    View in glossary

    A device to deliver compressed air to improve sleep in people with obstructive sleep apnoea6

    View in glossary

    A disease where a waxy substance (plaque) builds up inside the coronary arteries, which supply oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle7

    View in glossary

    A type of chronic disease that typically worsens over time and is characterized by long-term breathing problems and poor airflow. Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are older terms used for COPD5

    View in glossary

    Refers to the heart, and blood vessels

    View in glossary

    A type of medication that aims to slow the scarring and stiffening of lungs to slow disease progression2

    View in glossary

    Tiny air sacs in the lungs where the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide to and from the blood takes place

    View in glossary

    A test that shows how well the lungs are working by measuring how much oxygen and carbon dioxide is in the blood. This test requires that a small volume of blood be drawn from the patient3

    View in glossary

    Techniques that involve breathing in a certain way to control breathlessness and strengthen your lungs

    View in glossary

    A procedure in which a bronchoscope (a medical instrument like a tube) is passed through the mouth or nose into the lung and fluid is squirted into a small part of the lung and then collected for examination4

    View in glossary

    A lung condition where the air sacs within the lungs (alveoli) become damaged5

    View in glossary

    Extreme weariness resulting from exertion or illness

    View in glossary

    Of unknown cause

    View in glossary

    Rapid and uncontrolled breathing

    View in glossary

    A disease where there is progressive scarring or thickening of the lungs without a known cause4

    View in glossary

    The surgical removal of cells or tissue samples from the lung for examination by a pathologist10

    View in glossary

    The lung tissue becomes thickened and stiff

    View in glossary

    A test that uses a type of X-ray that produces multiple, detailed images of areas inside the body4

    View in glossary

    A burning sensation in the chest, which can spread to the throat, along with a sour taste in the mouth

    View in glossary

    Where inflamed tissue is replaced with scar tissue, making it thicken and become stiffer4

    View in glossary

    A symptom where the ends of the fingers become wider and rounder8

    View in glossary

    A digestive disease where stomach acid moves up out of the stomach and irritates the lining of the food pipe (oesophagus)9

    View in glossary

    A physician specializing in the management of diseases of the digestive system

    View in glossary

    An event characterized by sudden, severe worsening of symptoms or an increase in disease severity1

    View in glossary

    Fits over your nose and mouth and straps onto your head.

Oxygen storage and transport

  1. Diagram of an oxygen concentrator
    Oxygen concentrator
    An operation to replace a patient’s diseased lungs with lungs from a donor
    View in glossary

    The worsening of a disease/condition over time

    View in glossary

    A formal documentation when someone else is given the responsibility to manage your affairs and make certain decisions on your behalf

    View in glossary

    Refers to the lungs

    View in glossary

    A group of tests used to check how well the lungs take in and release air and how well they supply oxygen to the rest of the body14

    View in glossary

    A type of high blood pressure that affects the blood vessels to the lungs and the right side of the heart15

    View in glossary

    Therapy that provides relief from symptoms to help patients live more comfortably with their disease13

    View in glossary

    Administration of oxygen as a medical intervention11

    View in glossary

    A small plastic tube or prongs that fit in the nostrils to deliver supplementary oxygen11

    View in glossary

    Listening to and playing music as a therapy which aims to ease the symptoms of those living with IPF

    View in glossary

    A sleep disorder characterised by breathing that repeatedly stops and starts during sleep12

    View in glossary

    A specialist who helps someone recover or live with their symptoms more easily

    View in glossary

    A machine that removes other gases from the air to provide oxygen for oxygen therapy11

    View in glossary

    An education and exercise program designed to improve the quality of life for people with lung conditions16

    View in glossary

    A physician specialised in lung problems (also known as a respirologist)

    View in glossary

    A product that gives protection against a specific infection

    View in glossary

    A test used to monitor oxygen levels in a patient’s blood, usually with a non-invasive sensor11

    View in glossary

    A breathing technique to help control breathlessness and reduce anxiety17

    View in glossary

    A disease that affects only a small percentage of the population

    View in glossary

    Something that is associated with an increased risk of disease or infection

    View in glossary

    A technique that helps to reduce stress and anxiety by helping to understand and manage your emotions

    View in glossary

    Therapies used alongside conventional treatments that help treat symptoms and may improve overall physical and mental wellbeing

    View in glossary

    A medical study that investigates how safe and effective a new therapy or technique is for treating a certain disease

    View in glossary

    A disease or condition that occurs at the same time as another disease or condition

    View in glossary

    A device to deliver compressed air to improve sleep in people with obstructive sleep apnoea6

    View in glossary

    A disease where a waxy substance (plaque) builds up inside the coronary arteries, which supply oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle7

    View in glossary

    A type of chronic disease that typically worsens over time and is characterized by long-term breathing problems and poor airflow. Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are older terms used for COPD5

    View in glossary

    Refers to the heart, and blood vessels

    View in glossary

    A type of medication that aims to slow the scarring and stiffening of lungs to slow disease progression2

    View in glossary

    Tiny air sacs in the lungs where the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide to and from the blood takes place

    View in glossary

    A test that shows how well the lungs are working by measuring how much oxygen and carbon dioxide is in the blood. This test requires that a small volume of blood be drawn from the patient3

    View in glossary

    Techniques that involve breathing in a certain way to control breathlessness and strengthen your lungs

    View in glossary

    A procedure in which a bronchoscope (a medical instrument like a tube) is passed through the mouth or nose into the lung and fluid is squirted into a small part of the lung and then collected for examination4

    View in glossary

    A lung condition where the air sacs within the lungs (alveoli) become damaged5

    View in glossary

    Extreme weariness resulting from exertion or illness

    View in glossary

    Of unknown cause

    View in glossary

    Rapid and uncontrolled breathing

    View in glossary

    A disease where there is progressive scarring or thickening of the lungs without a known cause4

    View in glossary

    The surgical removal of cells or tissue samples from the lung for examination by a pathologist10

    View in glossary

    The lung tissue becomes thickened and stiff

    View in glossary

    A test that uses a type of X-ray that produces multiple, detailed images of areas inside the body4

    View in glossary

    A burning sensation in the chest, which can spread to the throat, along with a sour taste in the mouth

    View in glossary

    Where inflamed tissue is replaced with scar tissue, making it thicken and become stiffer4

    View in glossary

    A symptom where the ends of the fingers become wider and rounder8

    View in glossary

    A digestive disease where stomach acid moves up out of the stomach and irritates the lining of the food pipe (oesophagus)9

    View in glossary

    A physician specializing in the management of diseases of the digestive system

    View in glossary

    An event characterized by sudden, severe worsening of symptoms or an increase in disease severity1

    View in glossary

    A small machine that provides just oxygen by removing all other gasses from the air

  2. Diagram of an oxygen tank
    Compressed gas
    An operation to replace a patient’s diseased lungs with lungs from a donor
    View in glossary

    The worsening of a disease/condition over time

    View in glossary

    A formal documentation when someone else is given the responsibility to manage your affairs and make certain decisions on your behalf

    View in glossary

    Refers to the lungs

    View in glossary

    A group of tests used to check how well the lungs take in and release air and how well they supply oxygen to the rest of the body14

    View in glossary

    A type of high blood pressure that affects the blood vessels to the lungs and the right side of the heart15

    View in glossary

    Therapy that provides relief from symptoms to help patients live more comfortably with their disease13

    View in glossary

    Administration of oxygen as a medical intervention11

    View in glossary

    A small plastic tube or prongs that fit in the nostrils to deliver supplementary oxygen11

    View in glossary

    Listening to and playing music as a therapy which aims to ease the symptoms of those living with IPF

    View in glossary

    A sleep disorder characterised by breathing that repeatedly stops and starts during sleep12

    View in glossary

    A specialist who helps someone recover or live with their symptoms more easily

    View in glossary

    A machine that removes other gases from the air to provide oxygen for oxygen therapy11

    View in glossary

    An education and exercise program designed to improve the quality of life for people with lung conditions16

    View in glossary

    A physician specialised in lung problems (also known as a respirologist)

    View in glossary

    A product that gives protection against a specific infection

    View in glossary

    A test used to monitor oxygen levels in a patient’s blood, usually with a non-invasive sensor11

    View in glossary

    A breathing technique to help control breathlessness and reduce anxiety17

    View in glossary

    A disease that affects only a small percentage of the population

    View in glossary

    Something that is associated with an increased risk of disease or infection

    View in glossary

    A technique that helps to reduce stress and anxiety by helping to understand and manage your emotions

    View in glossary

    Therapies used alongside conventional treatments that help treat symptoms and may improve overall physical and mental wellbeing

    View in glossary

    A medical study that investigates how safe and effective a new therapy or technique is for treating a certain disease

    View in glossary

    A disease or condition that occurs at the same time as another disease or condition

    View in glossary

    A device to deliver compressed air to improve sleep in people with obstructive sleep apnoea6

    View in glossary

    A disease where a waxy substance (plaque) builds up inside the coronary arteries, which supply oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle7

    View in glossary

    A type of chronic disease that typically worsens over time and is characterized by long-term breathing problems and poor airflow. Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are older terms used for COPD5

    View in glossary

    Refers to the heart, and blood vessels

    View in glossary

    A type of medication that aims to slow the scarring and stiffening of lungs to slow disease progression2

    View in glossary

    Tiny air sacs in the lungs where the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide to and from the blood takes place

    View in glossary

    A test that shows how well the lungs are working by measuring how much oxygen and carbon dioxide is in the blood. This test requires that a small volume of blood be drawn from the patient3

    View in glossary

    Techniques that involve breathing in a certain way to control breathlessness and strengthen your lungs

    View in glossary

    A procedure in which a bronchoscope (a medical instrument like a tube) is passed through the mouth or nose into the lung and fluid is squirted into a small part of the lung and then collected for examination4

    View in glossary

    A lung condition where the air sacs within the lungs (alveoli) become damaged5

    View in glossary

    Extreme weariness resulting from exertion or illness

    View in glossary

    Of unknown cause

    View in glossary

    Rapid and uncontrolled breathing

    View in glossary

    A disease where there is progressive scarring or thickening of the lungs without a known cause4

    View in glossary

    The surgical removal of cells or tissue samples from the lung for examination by a pathologist10

    View in glossary

    The lung tissue becomes thickened and stiff

    View in glossary

    A test that uses a type of X-ray that produces multiple, detailed images of areas inside the body4

    View in glossary

    A burning sensation in the chest, which can spread to the throat, along with a sour taste in the mouth

    View in glossary

    Where inflamed tissue is replaced with scar tissue, making it thicken and become stiffer4

    View in glossary

    A symptom where the ends of the fingers become wider and rounder8

    View in glossary

    A digestive disease where stomach acid moves up out of the stomach and irritates the lining of the food pipe (oesophagus)9

    View in glossary

    A physician specializing in the management of diseases of the digestive system

    View in glossary

    An event characterized by sudden, severe worsening of symptoms or an increase in disease severity1

    View in glossary

    Oxygen is stored under pressure in different sized tanks. Some tanks are small enough to carry around in a backpack

  3. Diagram of an oxygen tank
    Liquid oxygen
    An operation to replace a patient’s diseased lungs with lungs from a donor
    View in glossary

    The worsening of a disease/condition over time

    View in glossary

    A formal documentation when someone else is given the responsibility to manage your affairs and make certain decisions on your behalf

    View in glossary

    Refers to the lungs

    View in glossary

    A group of tests used to check how well the lungs take in and release air and how well they supply oxygen to the rest of the body14

    View in glossary

    A type of high blood pressure that affects the blood vessels to the lungs and the right side of the heart15

    View in glossary

    Therapy that provides relief from symptoms to help patients live more comfortably with their disease13

    View in glossary

    Administration of oxygen as a medical intervention11

    View in glossary

    A small plastic tube or prongs that fit in the nostrils to deliver supplementary oxygen11

    View in glossary

    Listening to and playing music as a therapy which aims to ease the symptoms of those living with IPF

    View in glossary

    A sleep disorder characterised by breathing that repeatedly stops and starts during sleep12

    View in glossary

    A specialist who helps someone recover or live with their symptoms more easily

    View in glossary

    A machine that removes other gases from the air to provide oxygen for oxygen therapy11

    View in glossary

    An education and exercise program designed to improve the quality of life for people with lung conditions16

    View in glossary

    A physician specialised in lung problems (also known as a respirologist)

    View in glossary

    A product that gives protection against a specific infection

    View in glossary

    A test used to monitor oxygen levels in a patient’s blood, usually with a non-invasive sensor11

    View in glossary

    A breathing technique to help control breathlessness and reduce anxiety17

    View in glossary

    A disease that affects only a small percentage of the population

    View in glossary

    Something that is associated with an increased risk of disease or infection

    View in glossary

    A technique that helps to reduce stress and anxiety by helping to understand and manage your emotions

    View in glossary

    Therapies used alongside conventional treatments that help treat symptoms and may improve overall physical and mental wellbeing

    View in glossary

    A medical study that investigates how safe and effective a new therapy or technique is for treating a certain disease

    View in glossary

    A disease or condition that occurs at the same time as another disease or condition

    View in glossary

    A device to deliver compressed air to improve sleep in people with obstructive sleep apnoea6

    View in glossary

    A disease where a waxy substance (plaque) builds up inside the coronary arteries, which supply oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle7

    View in glossary

    A type of chronic disease that typically worsens over time and is characterized by long-term breathing problems and poor airflow. Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are older terms used for COPD5

    View in glossary

    Refers to the heart, and blood vessels

    View in glossary

    A type of medication that aims to slow the scarring and stiffening of lungs to slow disease progression2

    View in glossary

    Tiny air sacs in the lungs where the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide to and from the blood takes place

    View in glossary

    A test that shows how well the lungs are working by measuring how much oxygen and carbon dioxide is in the blood. This test requires that a small volume of blood be drawn from the patient3

    View in glossary

    Techniques that involve breathing in a certain way to control breathlessness and strengthen your lungs

    View in glossary

    A procedure in which a bronchoscope (a medical instrument like a tube) is passed through the mouth or nose into the lung and fluid is squirted into a small part of the lung and then collected for examination4

    View in glossary

    A lung condition where the air sacs within the lungs (alveoli) become damaged5

    View in glossary

    Extreme weariness resulting from exertion or illness

    View in glossary

    Of unknown cause

    View in glossary

    Rapid and uncontrolled breathing

    View in glossary

    A disease where there is progressive scarring or thickening of the lungs without a known cause4

    View in glossary

    The surgical removal of cells or tissue samples from the lung for examination by a pathologist10

    View in glossary

    The lung tissue becomes thickened and stiff

    View in glossary

    A test that uses a type of X-ray that produces multiple, detailed images of areas inside the body4

    View in glossary

    A burning sensation in the chest, which can spread to the throat, along with a sour taste in the mouth

    View in glossary

    Where inflamed tissue is replaced with scar tissue, making it thicken and become stiffer4

    View in glossary

    A symptom where the ends of the fingers become wider and rounder8

    View in glossary

    A digestive disease where stomach acid moves up out of the stomach and irritates the lining of the food pipe (oesophagus)9

    View in glossary

    A physician specializing in the management of diseases of the digestive system

    View in glossary

    An event characterized by sudden, severe worsening of symptoms or an increase in disease severity1

    View in glossary

    Oxygen which can be used in small tanks and refilled from large containers delivered to your home

An operation to replace a patient’s diseased lungs with lungs from a donor
View in glossary

The worsening of a disease/condition over time

View in glossary

A formal documentation when someone else is given the responsibility to manage your affairs and make certain decisions on your behalf

View in glossary

Refers to the lungs

View in glossary

A group of tests used to check how well the lungs take in and release air and how well they supply oxygen to the rest of the body14

View in glossary

A type of high blood pressure that affects the blood vessels to the lungs and the right side of the heart15

View in glossary

Therapy that provides relief from symptoms to help patients live more comfortably with their disease13

View in glossary

Administration of oxygen as a medical intervention11

View in glossary

A small plastic tube or prongs that fit in the nostrils to deliver supplementary oxygen11

View in glossary

Listening to and playing music as a therapy which aims to ease the symptoms of those living with IPF

View in glossary

A sleep disorder characterised by breathing that repeatedly stops and starts during sleep12

View in glossary

A specialist who helps someone recover or live with their symptoms more easily

View in glossary

A machine that removes other gases from the air to provide oxygen for oxygen therapy11

View in glossary

An education and exercise program designed to improve the quality of life for people with lung conditions16

View in glossary

A physician specialised in lung problems (also known as a respirologist)

View in glossary

A product that gives protection against a specific infection

View in glossary

A test used to monitor oxygen levels in a patient’s blood, usually with a non-invasive sensor11

View in glossary

A breathing technique to help control breathlessness and reduce anxiety17

View in glossary

A disease that affects only a small percentage of the population

View in glossary

Something that is associated with an increased risk of disease or infection

View in glossary

A technique that helps to reduce stress and anxiety by helping to understand and manage your emotions

View in glossary

Therapies used alongside conventional treatments that help treat symptoms and may improve overall physical and mental wellbeing

View in glossary

A medical study that investigates how safe and effective a new therapy or technique is for treating a certain disease

View in glossary

A disease or condition that occurs at the same time as another disease or condition

View in glossary

A device to deliver compressed air to improve sleep in people with obstructive sleep apnoea6

View in glossary

A disease where a waxy substance (plaque) builds up inside the coronary arteries, which supply oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle7

View in glossary

A type of chronic disease that typically worsens over time and is characterized by long-term breathing problems and poor airflow. Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are older terms used for COPD5

View in glossary

Refers to the heart, and blood vessels

View in glossary

A type of medication that aims to slow the scarring and stiffening of lungs to slow disease progression2

View in glossary

Tiny air sacs in the lungs where the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide to and from the blood takes place

View in glossary

A test that shows how well the lungs are working by measuring how much oxygen and carbon dioxide is in the blood. This test requires that a small volume of blood be drawn from the patient3

View in glossary

Techniques that involve breathing in a certain way to control breathlessness and strengthen your lungs

View in glossary

A procedure in which a bronchoscope (a medical instrument like a tube) is passed through the mouth or nose into the lung and fluid is squirted into a small part of the lung and then collected for examination4

View in glossary

A lung condition where the air sacs within the lungs (alveoli) become damaged5

View in glossary

Extreme weariness resulting from exertion or illness

View in glossary

Of unknown cause

View in glossary

Rapid and uncontrolled breathing

View in glossary

A disease where there is progressive scarring or thickening of the lungs without a known cause4

View in glossary

The surgical removal of cells or tissue samples from the lung for examination by a pathologist10

View in glossary

The lung tissue becomes thickened and stiff

View in glossary

A test that uses a type of X-ray that produces multiple, detailed images of areas inside the body4

View in glossary

A burning sensation in the chest, which can spread to the throat, along with a sour taste in the mouth

View in glossary

Where inflamed tissue is replaced with scar tissue, making it thicken and become stiffer4

View in glossary

A symptom where the ends of the fingers become wider and rounder8

View in glossary

A digestive disease where stomach acid moves up out of the stomach and irritates the lining of the food pipe (oesophagus)9

View in glossary

A physician specializing in the management of diseases of the digestive system

View in glossary

An event characterized by sudden, severe worsening of symptoms or an increase in disease severity1

View in glossary

The right choice for you depends on several things, including how much oxygen you need, when you need it, where you live and your access to electricity.3

Although you may be prescribed extra oxygen over the long term,4 this doesn’t mean that you must limit your daily life. Often patients find that when a prescription of supplemental oxygen is made, it helps them to be more active.5

For a long time, I had problems with [oxygen] in my nose. I was pushing it in front of me and I was avoiding going to town, but now I don’t mind anymore. It’s a matter of vanity. I know I feel better with the oxygen, and I don’t want to go without it
An operation to replace a patient’s diseased lungs with lungs from a donor
View in glossary

The worsening of a disease/condition over time

View in glossary

A formal documentation when someone else is given the responsibility to manage your affairs and make certain decisions on your behalf

View in glossary

Refers to the lungs

View in glossary

A group of tests used to check how well the lungs take in and release air and how well they supply oxygen to the rest of the body14

View in glossary

A type of high blood pressure that affects the blood vessels to the lungs and the right side of the heart15

View in glossary

Therapy that provides relief from symptoms to help patients live more comfortably with their disease13

View in glossary

Administration of oxygen as a medical intervention11

View in glossary

A small plastic tube or prongs that fit in the nostrils to deliver supplementary oxygen11

View in glossary

Listening to and playing music as a therapy which aims to ease the symptoms of those living with IPF

View in glossary

A sleep disorder characterised by breathing that repeatedly stops and starts during sleep12

View in glossary

A specialist who helps someone recover or live with their symptoms more easily

View in glossary

A machine that removes other gases from the air to provide oxygen for oxygen therapy11

View in glossary

An education and exercise program designed to improve the quality of life for people with lung conditions16

View in glossary

A physician specialised in lung problems (also known as a respirologist)

View in glossary

A product that gives protection against a specific infection

View in glossary

A test used to monitor oxygen levels in a patient’s blood, usually with a non-invasive sensor11

View in glossary

A breathing technique to help control breathlessness and reduce anxiety17

View in glossary

A disease that affects only a small percentage of the population

View in glossary

Something that is associated with an increased risk of disease or infection

View in glossary

A technique that helps to reduce stress and anxiety by helping to understand and manage your emotions

View in glossary

Therapies used alongside conventional treatments that help treat symptoms and may improve overall physical and mental wellbeing

View in glossary

A medical study that investigates how safe and effective a new therapy or technique is for treating a certain disease

View in glossary

A disease or condition that occurs at the same time as another disease or condition

View in glossary

A device to deliver compressed air to improve sleep in people with obstructive sleep apnoea6

View in glossary

A disease where a waxy substance (plaque) builds up inside the coronary arteries, which supply oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle7

View in glossary

A type of chronic disease that typically worsens over time and is characterized by long-term breathing problems and poor airflow. Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are older terms used for COPD5

View in glossary

Refers to the heart, and blood vessels

View in glossary

A type of medication that aims to slow the scarring and stiffening of lungs to slow disease progression2

View in glossary

Tiny air sacs in the lungs where the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide to and from the blood takes place

View in glossary

A test that shows how well the lungs are working by measuring how much oxygen and carbon dioxide is in the blood. This test requires that a small volume of blood be drawn from the patient3

View in glossary

Techniques that involve breathing in a certain way to control breathlessness and strengthen your lungs

View in glossary

A procedure in which a bronchoscope (a medical instrument like a tube) is passed through the mouth or nose into the lung and fluid is squirted into a small part of the lung and then collected for examination4

View in glossary

A lung condition where the air sacs within the lungs (alveoli) become damaged5

View in glossary

Extreme weariness resulting from exertion or illness

View in glossary

Of unknown cause

View in glossary

Rapid and uncontrolled breathing

View in glossary

A disease where there is progressive scarring or thickening of the lungs without a known cause4

View in glossary

The surgical removal of cells or tissue samples from the lung for examination by a pathologist10

View in glossary

The lung tissue becomes thickened and stiff

View in glossary

A test that uses a type of X-ray that produces multiple, detailed images of areas inside the body4

View in glossary

A burning sensation in the chest, which can spread to the throat, along with a sour taste in the mouth

View in glossary

Where inflamed tissue is replaced with scar tissue, making it thicken and become stiffer4

View in glossary

A symptom where the ends of the fingers become wider and rounder8

View in glossary

A digestive disease where stomach acid moves up out of the stomach and irritates the lining of the food pipe (oesophagus)9

View in glossary

A physician specializing in the management of diseases of the digestive system

View in glossary

An event characterized by sudden, severe worsening of symptoms or an increase in disease severity1

View in glossary

Oxygen at home

Because oxygen is stored in pressurized containers there are certain safety measures you will need to take when using oxygen at home. Try to follow these tips when using your oxygen to avoid any hazards.

There are four key considerations when using oxygen at home

  1. Diagram of a smoke detector
    Smoke detectors
    An operation to replace a patient’s diseased lungs with lungs from a donor
    View in glossary

    The worsening of a disease/condition over time

    View in glossary

    A formal documentation when someone else is given the responsibility to manage your affairs and make certain decisions on your behalf

    View in glossary

    Refers to the lungs

    View in glossary

    A group of tests used to check how well the lungs take in and release air and how well they supply oxygen to the rest of the body14

    View in glossary

    A type of high blood pressure that affects the blood vessels to the lungs and the right side of the heart15

    View in glossary

    Therapy that provides relief from symptoms to help patients live more comfortably with their disease13

    View in glossary

    Administration of oxygen as a medical intervention11

    View in glossary

    A small plastic tube or prongs that fit in the nostrils to deliver supplementary oxygen11

    View in glossary

    Listening to and playing music as a therapy which aims to ease the symptoms of those living with IPF

    View in glossary

    A sleep disorder characterised by breathing that repeatedly stops and starts during sleep12

    View in glossary

    A specialist who helps someone recover or live with their symptoms more easily

    View in glossary

    A machine that removes other gases from the air to provide oxygen for oxygen therapy11

    View in glossary

    An education and exercise program designed to improve the quality of life for people with lung conditions16

    View in glossary

    A physician specialised in lung problems (also known as a respirologist)

    View in glossary

    A product that gives protection against a specific infection

    View in glossary

    A test used to monitor oxygen levels in a patient’s blood, usually with a non-invasive sensor11

    View in glossary

    A breathing technique to help control breathlessness and reduce anxiety17

    View in glossary

    A disease that affects only a small percentage of the population

    View in glossary

    Something that is associated with an increased risk of disease or infection

    View in glossary

    A technique that helps to reduce stress and anxiety by helping to understand and manage your emotions

    View in glossary

    Therapies used alongside conventional treatments that help treat symptoms and may improve overall physical and mental wellbeing

    View in glossary

    A medical study that investigates how safe and effective a new therapy or technique is for treating a certain disease

    View in glossary

    A disease or condition that occurs at the same time as another disease or condition

    View in glossary

    A device to deliver compressed air to improve sleep in people with obstructive sleep apnoea6

    View in glossary

    A disease where a waxy substance (plaque) builds up inside the coronary arteries, which supply oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle7

    View in glossary

    A type of chronic disease that typically worsens over time and is characterized by long-term breathing problems and poor airflow. Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are older terms used for COPD5

    View in glossary

    Refers to the heart, and blood vessels

    View in glossary

    A type of medication that aims to slow the scarring and stiffening of lungs to slow disease progression2

    View in glossary

    Tiny air sacs in the lungs where the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide to and from the blood takes place

    View in glossary

    A test that shows how well the lungs are working by measuring how much oxygen and carbon dioxide is in the blood. This test requires that a small volume of blood be drawn from the patient3

    View in glossary

    Techniques that involve breathing in a certain way to control breathlessness and strengthen your lungs

    View in glossary

    A procedure in which a bronchoscope (a medical instrument like a tube) is passed through the mouth or nose into the lung and fluid is squirted into a small part of the lung and then collected for examination4

    View in glossary

    A lung condition where the air sacs within the lungs (alveoli) become damaged5

    View in glossary

    Extreme weariness resulting from exertion or illness

    View in glossary

    Of unknown cause

    View in glossary

    Rapid and uncontrolled breathing

    View in glossary

    A disease where there is progressive scarring or thickening of the lungs without a known cause4

    View in glossary

    The surgical removal of cells or tissue samples from the lung for examination by a pathologist10

    View in glossary

    The lung tissue becomes thickened and stiff

    View in glossary

    A test that uses a type of X-ray that produces multiple, detailed images of areas inside the body4

    View in glossary

    A burning sensation in the chest, which can spread to the throat, along with a sour taste in the mouth

    View in glossary

    Where inflamed tissue is replaced with scar tissue, making it thicken and become stiffer4

    View in glossary

    A symptom where the ends of the fingers become wider and rounder8

    View in glossary

    A digestive disease where stomach acid moves up out of the stomach and irritates the lining of the food pipe (oesophagus)9

    View in glossary

    A physician specializing in the management of diseases of the digestive system

    View in glossary

    An event characterized by sudden, severe worsening of symptoms or an increase in disease severity1

    View in glossary

    Install smoke detectors in every room

  2. Diagram of fire extinguisher
    Extinguishers
    An operation to replace a patient’s diseased lungs with lungs from a donor
    View in glossary

    The worsening of a disease/condition over time

    View in glossary

    A formal documentation when someone else is given the responsibility to manage your affairs and make certain decisions on your behalf

    View in glossary

    Refers to the lungs

    View in glossary

    A group of tests used to check how well the lungs take in and release air and how well they supply oxygen to the rest of the body14

    View in glossary

    A type of high blood pressure that affects the blood vessels to the lungs and the right side of the heart15

    View in glossary

    Therapy that provides relief from symptoms to help patients live more comfortably with their disease13

    View in glossary

    Administration of oxygen as a medical intervention11

    View in glossary

    A small plastic tube or prongs that fit in the nostrils to deliver supplementary oxygen11

    View in glossary

    Listening to and playing music as a therapy which aims to ease the symptoms of those living with IPF

    View in glossary

    A sleep disorder characterised by breathing that repeatedly stops and starts during sleep12

    View in glossary

    A specialist who helps someone recover or live with their symptoms more easily

    View in glossary

    A machine that removes other gases from the air to provide oxygen for oxygen therapy11

    View in glossary

    An education and exercise program designed to improve the quality of life for people with lung conditions16

    View in glossary

    A physician specialised in lung problems (also known as a respirologist)

    View in glossary

    A product that gives protection against a specific infection

    View in glossary

    A test used to monitor oxygen levels in a patient’s blood, usually with a non-invasive sensor11

    View in glossary

    A breathing technique to help control breathlessness and reduce anxiety17

    View in glossary

    A disease that affects only a small percentage of the population

    View in glossary

    Something that is associated with an increased risk of disease or infection

    View in glossary

    A technique that helps to reduce stress and anxiety by helping to understand and manage your emotions

    View in glossary

    Therapies used alongside conventional treatments that help treat symptoms and may improve overall physical and mental wellbeing

    View in glossary

    A medical study that investigates how safe and effective a new therapy or technique is for treating a certain disease

    View in glossary

    A disease or condition that occurs at the same time as another disease or condition

    View in glossary

    A device to deliver compressed air to improve sleep in people with obstructive sleep apnoea6

    View in glossary

    A disease where a waxy substance (plaque) builds up inside the coronary arteries, which supply oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle7

    View in glossary

    A type of chronic disease that typically worsens over time and is characterized by long-term breathing problems and poor airflow. Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are older terms used for COPD5

    View in glossary

    Refers to the heart, and blood vessels

    View in glossary

    A type of medication that aims to slow the scarring and stiffening of lungs to slow disease progression2

    View in glossary

    Tiny air sacs in the lungs where the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide to and from the blood takes place

    View in glossary

    A test that shows how well the lungs are working by measuring how much oxygen and carbon dioxide is in the blood. This test requires that a small volume of blood be drawn from the patient3

    View in glossary

    Techniques that involve breathing in a certain way to control breathlessness and strengthen your lungs

    View in glossary

    A procedure in which a bronchoscope (a medical instrument like a tube) is passed through the mouth or nose into the lung and fluid is squirted into a small part of the lung and then collected for examination4

    View in glossary

    A lung condition where the air sacs within the lungs (alveoli) become damaged5

    View in glossary

    Extreme weariness resulting from exertion or illness

    View in glossary

    Of unknown cause

    View in glossary

    Rapid and uncontrolled breathing

    View in glossary

    A disease where there is progressive scarring or thickening of the lungs without a known cause4

    View in glossary

    The surgical removal of cells or tissue samples from the lung for examination by a pathologist10

    View in glossary

    The lung tissue becomes thickened and stiff

    View in glossary

    A test that uses a type of X-ray that produces multiple, detailed images of areas inside the body4

    View in glossary

    A burning sensation in the chest, which can spread to the throat, along with a sour taste in the mouth

    View in glossary

    Where inflamed tissue is replaced with scar tissue, making it thicken and become stiffer4

    View in glossary

    A symptom where the ends of the fingers become wider and rounder8

    View in glossary

    A digestive disease where stomach acid moves up out of the stomach and irritates the lining of the food pipe (oesophagus)9

    View in glossary

    A physician specializing in the management of diseases of the digestive system

    View in glossary

    An event characterized by sudden, severe worsening of symptoms or an increase in disease severity1

    View in glossary

    Keep fire extinguishers in an accessible place

  3. Diagram of a cupboard
    Oxygen tank
    An operation to replace a patient’s diseased lungs with lungs from a donor
    View in glossary

    The worsening of a disease/condition over time

    View in glossary

    A formal documentation when someone else is given the responsibility to manage your affairs and make certain decisions on your behalf

    View in glossary

    Refers to the lungs

    View in glossary

    A group of tests used to check how well the lungs take in and release air and how well they supply oxygen to the rest of the body14

    View in glossary

    A type of high blood pressure that affects the blood vessels to the lungs and the right side of the heart15

    View in glossary

    Therapy that provides relief from symptoms to help patients live more comfortably with their disease13

    View in glossary

    Administration of oxygen as a medical intervention11

    View in glossary

    A small plastic tube or prongs that fit in the nostrils to deliver supplementary oxygen11

    View in glossary

    Listening to and playing music as a therapy which aims to ease the symptoms of those living with IPF

    View in glossary

    A sleep disorder characterised by breathing that repeatedly stops and starts during sleep12

    View in glossary

    A specialist who helps someone recover or live with their symptoms more easily

    View in glossary

    A machine that removes other gases from the air to provide oxygen for oxygen therapy11

    View in glossary

    An education and exercise program designed to improve the quality of life for people with lung conditions16

    View in glossary

    A physician specialised in lung problems (also known as a respirologist)

    View in glossary

    A product that gives protection against a specific infection

    View in glossary

    A test used to monitor oxygen levels in a patient’s blood, usually with a non-invasive sensor11

    View in glossary

    A breathing technique to help control breathlessness and reduce anxiety17

    View in glossary

    A disease that affects only a small percentage of the population

    View in glossary

    Something that is associated with an increased risk of disease or infection

    View in glossary

    A technique that helps to reduce stress and anxiety by helping to understand and manage your emotions

    View in glossary

    Therapies used alongside conventional treatments that help treat symptoms and may improve overall physical and mental wellbeing

    View in glossary

    A medical study that investigates how safe and effective a new therapy or technique is for treating a certain disease

    View in glossary

    A disease or condition that occurs at the same time as another disease or condition

    View in glossary

    A device to deliver compressed air to improve sleep in people with obstructive sleep apnoea6

    View in glossary

    A disease where a waxy substance (plaque) builds up inside the coronary arteries, which supply oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle7

    View in glossary

    A type of chronic disease that typically worsens over time and is characterized by long-term breathing problems and poor airflow. Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are older terms used for COPD5

    View in glossary

    Refers to the heart, and blood vessels

    View in glossary

    A type of medication that aims to slow the scarring and stiffening of lungs to slow disease progression2

    View in glossary

    Tiny air sacs in the lungs where the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide to and from the blood takes place

    View in glossary

    A test that shows how well the lungs are working by measuring how much oxygen and carbon dioxide is in the blood. This test requires that a small volume of blood be drawn from the patient3

    View in glossary

    Techniques that involve breathing in a certain way to control breathlessness and strengthen your lungs

    View in glossary

    A procedure in which a bronchoscope (a medical instrument like a tube) is passed through the mouth or nose into the lung and fluid is squirted into a small part of the lung and then collected for examination4

    View in glossary

    A lung condition where the air sacs within the lungs (alveoli) become damaged5

    View in glossary

    Extreme weariness resulting from exertion or illness

    View in glossary

    Of unknown cause

    View in glossary

    Rapid and uncontrolled breathing

    View in glossary

    A disease where there is progressive scarring or thickening of the lungs without a known cause4

    View in glossary

    The surgical removal of cells or tissue samples from the lung for examination by a pathologist10

    View in glossary

    The lung tissue becomes thickened and stiff

    View in glossary

    A test that uses a type of X-ray that produces multiple, detailed images of areas inside the body4

    View in glossary

    A burning sensation in the chest, which can spread to the throat, along with a sour taste in the mouth

    View in glossary

    Where inflamed tissue is replaced with scar tissue, making it thicken and become stiffer4

    View in glossary

    A symptom where the ends of the fingers become wider and rounder8

    View in glossary

    A digestive disease where stomach acid moves up out of the stomach and irritates the lining of the food pipe (oesophagus)9

    View in glossary

    A physician specializing in the management of diseases of the digestive system

    View in glossary

    An event characterized by sudden, severe worsening of symptoms or an increase in disease severity1

    View in glossary

    Store the oxygen tank in a clean, dry place - at least 2 meters (6 feet) away from any heat, electricity or fire

  4. Diagram of no smoking symbol
    Smoking
    An operation to replace a patient’s diseased lungs with lungs from a donor
    View in glossary

    The worsening of a disease/condition over time

    View in glossary

    A formal documentation when someone else is given the responsibility to manage your affairs and make certain decisions on your behalf

    View in glossary

    Refers to the lungs

    View in glossary

    A group of tests used to check how well the lungs take in and release air and how well they supply oxygen to the rest of the body14

    View in glossary

    A type of high blood pressure that affects the blood vessels to the lungs and the right side of the heart15

    View in glossary

    Therapy that provides relief from symptoms to help patients live more comfortably with their disease13

    View in glossary

    Administration of oxygen as a medical intervention11

    View in glossary

    A small plastic tube or prongs that fit in the nostrils to deliver supplementary oxygen11

    View in glossary

    Listening to and playing music as a therapy which aims to ease the symptoms of those living with IPF

    View in glossary

    A sleep disorder characterised by breathing that repeatedly stops and starts during sleep12

    View in glossary

    A specialist who helps someone recover or live with their symptoms more easily

    View in glossary

    A machine that removes other gases from the air to provide oxygen for oxygen therapy11

    View in glossary

    An education and exercise program designed to improve the quality of life for people with lung conditions16

    View in glossary

    A physician specialised in lung problems (also known as a respirologist)

    View in glossary

    A product that gives protection against a specific infection

    View in glossary

    A test used to monitor oxygen levels in a patient’s blood, usually with a non-invasive sensor11

    View in glossary

    A breathing technique to help control breathlessness and reduce anxiety17

    View in glossary

    A disease that affects only a small percentage of the population

    View in glossary

    Something that is associated with an increased risk of disease or infection

    View in glossary

    A technique that helps to reduce stress and anxiety by helping to understand and manage your emotions

    View in glossary

    Therapies used alongside conventional treatments that help treat symptoms and may improve overall physical and mental wellbeing

    View in glossary

    A medical study that investigates how safe and effective a new therapy or technique is for treating a certain disease

    View in glossary

    A disease or condition that occurs at the same time as another disease or condition

    View in glossary

    A device to deliver compressed air to improve sleep in people with obstructive sleep apnoea6

    View in glossary

    A disease where a waxy substance (plaque) builds up inside the coronary arteries, which supply oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle7

    View in glossary

    A type of chronic disease that typically worsens over time and is characterized by long-term breathing problems and poor airflow. Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are older terms used for COPD5

    View in glossary

    Refers to the heart, and blood vessels

    View in glossary

    A type of medication that aims to slow the scarring and stiffening of lungs to slow disease progression2

    View in glossary

    Tiny air sacs in the lungs where the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide to and from the blood takes place

    View in glossary

    A test that shows how well the lungs are working by measuring how much oxygen and carbon dioxide is in the blood. This test requires that a small volume of blood be drawn from the patient3

    View in glossary

    Techniques that involve breathing in a certain way to control breathlessness and strengthen your lungs

    View in glossary

    A procedure in which a bronchoscope (a medical instrument like a tube) is passed through the mouth or nose into the lung and fluid is squirted into a small part of the lung and then collected for examination4

    View in glossary

    A lung condition where the air sacs within the lungs (alveoli) become damaged5

    View in glossary

    Extreme weariness resulting from exertion or illness

    View in glossary

    Of unknown cause

    View in glossary

    Rapid and uncontrolled breathing

    View in glossary

    A disease where there is progressive scarring or thickening of the lungs without a known cause4

    View in glossary

    The surgical removal of cells or tissue samples from the lung for examination by a pathologist10

    View in glossary

    The lung tissue becomes thickened and stiff

    View in glossary

    A test that uses a type of X-ray that produces multiple, detailed images of areas inside the body4

    View in glossary

    A burning sensation in the chest, which can spread to the throat, along with a sour taste in the mouth

    View in glossary

    Where inflamed tissue is replaced with scar tissue, making it thicken and become stiffer4

    View in glossary

    A symptom where the ends of the fingers become wider and rounder8

    View in glossary

    A digestive disease where stomach acid moves up out of the stomach and irritates the lining of the food pipe (oesophagus)9

    View in glossary

    A physician specializing in the management of diseases of the digestive system

    View in glossary

    An event characterized by sudden, severe worsening of symptoms or an increase in disease severity1

    View in glossary

    Do not smoke near an oxygen tank

An operation to replace a patient’s diseased lungs with lungs from a donor
View in glossary

The worsening of a disease/condition over time

View in glossary

A formal documentation when someone else is given the responsibility to manage your affairs and make certain decisions on your behalf

View in glossary

Refers to the lungs

View in glossary

A group of tests used to check how well the lungs take in and release air and how well they supply oxygen to the rest of the body14

View in glossary

A type of high blood pressure that affects the blood vessels to the lungs and the right side of the heart15

View in glossary

Therapy that provides relief from symptoms to help patients live more comfortably with their disease13

View in glossary

Administration of oxygen as a medical intervention11

View in glossary

A small plastic tube or prongs that fit in the nostrils to deliver supplementary oxygen11

View in glossary

Listening to and playing music as a therapy which aims to ease the symptoms of those living with IPF

View in glossary

A sleep disorder characterised by breathing that repeatedly stops and starts during sleep12

View in glossary

A specialist who helps someone recover or live with their symptoms more easily

View in glossary

A machine that removes other gases from the air to provide oxygen for oxygen therapy11

View in glossary

An education and exercise program designed to improve the quality of life for people with lung conditions16

View in glossary

A physician specialised in lung problems (also known as a respirologist)

View in glossary

A product that gives protection against a specific infection

View in glossary

A test used to monitor oxygen levels in a patient’s blood, usually with a non-invasive sensor11

View in glossary

A breathing technique to help control breathlessness and reduce anxiety17

View in glossary

A disease that affects only a small percentage of the population

View in glossary

Something that is associated with an increased risk of disease or infection

View in glossary

A technique that helps to reduce stress and anxiety by helping to understand and manage your emotions

View in glossary

Therapies used alongside conventional treatments that help treat symptoms and may improve overall physical and mental wellbeing

View in glossary

A medical study that investigates how safe and effective a new therapy or technique is for treating a certain disease

View in glossary

A disease or condition that occurs at the same time as another disease or condition

View in glossary

A device to deliver compressed air to improve sleep in people with obstructive sleep apnoea6

View in glossary

A disease where a waxy substance (plaque) builds up inside the coronary arteries, which supply oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle7

View in glossary

A type of chronic disease that typically worsens over time and is characterized by long-term breathing problems and poor airflow. Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are older terms used for COPD5

View in glossary

Refers to the heart, and blood vessels

View in glossary

A type of medication that aims to slow the scarring and stiffening of lungs to slow disease progression2

View in glossary

Tiny air sacs in the lungs where the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide to and from the blood takes place

View in glossary

A test that shows how well the lungs are working by measuring how much oxygen and carbon dioxide is in the blood. This test requires that a small volume of blood be drawn from the patient3

View in glossary

Techniques that involve breathing in a certain way to control breathlessness and strengthen your lungs

View in glossary

A procedure in which a bronchoscope (a medical instrument like a tube) is passed through the mouth or nose into the lung and fluid is squirted into a small part of the lung and then collected for examination4

View in glossary

A lung condition where the air sacs within the lungs (alveoli) become damaged5

View in glossary

Extreme weariness resulting from exertion or illness

View in glossary

Of unknown cause

View in glossary

Rapid and uncontrolled breathing

View in glossary

A disease where there is progressive scarring or thickening of the lungs without a known cause4

View in glossary

The surgical removal of cells or tissue samples from the lung for examination by a pathologist10

View in glossary

The lung tissue becomes thickened and stiff

View in glossary

A test that uses a type of X-ray that produces multiple, detailed images of areas inside the body4

View in glossary

A burning sensation in the chest, which can spread to the throat, along with a sour taste in the mouth

View in glossary

Where inflamed tissue is replaced with scar tissue, making it thicken and become stiffer4

View in glossary

A symptom where the ends of the fingers become wider and rounder8

View in glossary

A digestive disease where stomach acid moves up out of the stomach and irritates the lining of the food pipe (oesophagus)9

View in glossary

A physician specializing in the management of diseases of the digestive system

View in glossary

An event characterized by sudden, severe worsening of symptoms or an increase in disease severity1

View in glossary

Below are several hints and tips for using different types of supplementary oxygen. Although this list may appear overwhelming at first, using your oxygen system correctly and safely is very important to make sure that you avoid hazards and receive the full benefit of your oxygen therapy.

Take your time to understand this information. Not all will be relevant to you, but it should give you some useful tips for using your oxygen system safely and correctly.

Using oxygen: things you should do6
An operation to replace a patient’s diseased lungs with lungs from a donor
View in glossary

The worsening of a disease/condition over time

View in glossary

A formal documentation when someone else is given the responsibility to manage your affairs and make certain decisions on your behalf

View in glossary

Refers to the lungs

View in glossary

A group of tests used to check how well the lungs take in and release air and how well they supply oxygen to the rest of the body14

View in glossary

A type of high blood pressure that affects the blood vessels to the lungs and the right side of the heart15

View in glossary

Therapy that provides relief from symptoms to help patients live more comfortably with their disease13

View in glossary

Administration of oxygen as a medical intervention11

View in glossary

A small plastic tube or prongs that fit in the nostrils to deliver supplementary oxygen11

View in glossary

Listening to and playing music as a therapy which aims to ease the symptoms of those living with IPF

View in glossary

A sleep disorder characterised by breathing that repeatedly stops and starts during sleep12

View in glossary

A specialist who helps someone recover or live with their symptoms more easily

View in glossary

A machine that removes other gases from the air to provide oxygen for oxygen therapy11

View in glossary

An education and exercise program designed to improve the quality of life for people with lung conditions16

View in glossary

A physician specialised in lung problems (also known as a respirologist)

View in glossary

A product that gives protection against a specific infection

View in glossary

A test used to monitor oxygen levels in a patient’s blood, usually with a non-invasive sensor11

View in glossary

A breathing technique to help control breathlessness and reduce anxiety17

View in glossary

A disease that affects only a small percentage of the population

View in glossary

Something that is associated with an increased risk of disease or infection

View in glossary

A technique that helps to reduce stress and anxiety by helping to understand and manage your emotions

View in glossary

Therapies used alongside conventional treatments that help treat symptoms and may improve overall physical and mental wellbeing

View in glossary

A medical study that investigates how safe and effective a new therapy or technique is for treating a certain disease

View in glossary

A disease or condition that occurs at the same time as another disease or condition

View in glossary

A device to deliver compressed air to improve sleep in people with obstructive sleep apnoea6

View in glossary

A disease where a waxy substance (plaque) builds up inside the coronary arteries, which supply oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle7

View in glossary

A type of chronic disease that typically worsens over time and is characterized by long-term breathing problems and poor airflow. Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are older terms used for COPD5

View in glossary

Refers to the heart, and blood vessels

View in glossary

A type of medication that aims to slow the scarring and stiffening of lungs to slow disease progression2

View in glossary

Tiny air sacs in the lungs where the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide to and from the blood takes place

View in glossary

A test that shows how well the lungs are working by measuring how much oxygen and carbon dioxide is in the blood. This test requires that a small volume of blood be drawn from the patient3

View in glossary

Techniques that involve breathing in a certain way to control breathlessness and strengthen your lungs

View in glossary

A procedure in which a bronchoscope (a medical instrument like a tube) is passed through the mouth or nose into the lung and fluid is squirted into a small part of the lung and then collected for examination4

View in glossary

A lung condition where the air sacs within the lungs (alveoli) become damaged5

View in glossary

Extreme weariness resulting from exertion or illness

View in glossary

Of unknown cause

View in glossary

Rapid and uncontrolled breathing

View in glossary

A disease where there is progressive scarring or thickening of the lungs without a known cause4

View in glossary

The surgical removal of cells or tissue samples from the lung for examination by a pathologist10

View in glossary

The lung tissue becomes thickened and stiff

View in glossary

A test that uses a type of X-ray that produces multiple, detailed images of areas inside the body4

View in glossary

A burning sensation in the chest, which can spread to the throat, along with a sour taste in the mouth

View in glossary

Where inflamed tissue is replaced with scar tissue, making it thicken and become stiffer4

View in glossary

A symptom where the ends of the fingers become wider and rounder8

View in glossary

A digestive disease where stomach acid moves up out of the stomach and irritates the lining of the food pipe (oesophagus)9

View in glossary

A physician specializing in the management of diseases of the digestive system

View in glossary

An event characterized by sudden, severe worsening of symptoms or an increase in disease severity1

View in glossary

Most importantly, you should always follow all instructions and guidelines supplied with your oxygen, as well as local laws and regulations.


Below are some further precautions to take:

  • Post a sign in the room where you have your oxygen that there is to be “no smoking”
  • Tell your local fire department that there is oxygen in the house
  • Make sure you have a working smoke alarm inside or directly outside the room where oxygen is being used
  • Keep a fire extinguisher close to your oxygen tank and make sure you and/or your carer know how to use it
  • Store your oxygen system in a well-ventilated area, such as in an open room rather than in a closet or cupboard
  • Remember to always turn off your oxygen when you’re not using it to avoid releasing any oxygen into a room or enclosed space. If the oxygen is turned on, don’t put the nasal cannula or mask on the bed or a chair, even for a few minutes
  • Use 100% cotton bed linen and blankets, as they are less likely to give off sparks from static electricity
  • Try to keep at least 3 meters (10 feet) away from open flames, such as a fireplace, gas heater or stove, candles, etc.
  • Pay close attention to the gauges on your oxygen equipment to make sure they are not running low. If you are running low, tell your oxygen supplier so that they can deliver refills
  • Make a note of any questions you have about your oxygen delivery system. Stick them to your oxygen tank or in a place where you will see them. Be sure to ask your treatment team and/or oxygen delivery person any questions you may have the next time you see them
Using oxygen: things to avoid
An operation to replace a patient’s diseased lungs with lungs from a donor
View in glossary

The worsening of a disease/condition over time

View in glossary

A formal documentation when someone else is given the responsibility to manage your affairs and make certain decisions on your behalf

View in glossary

Refers to the lungs

View in glossary

A group of tests used to check how well the lungs take in and release air and how well they supply oxygen to the rest of the body14

View in glossary

A type of high blood pressure that affects the blood vessels to the lungs and the right side of the heart15

View in glossary

Therapy that provides relief from symptoms to help patients live more comfortably with their disease13

View in glossary

Administration of oxygen as a medical intervention11

View in glossary

A small plastic tube or prongs that fit in the nostrils to deliver supplementary oxygen11

View in glossary

Listening to and playing music as a therapy which aims to ease the symptoms of those living with IPF

View in glossary

A sleep disorder characterised by breathing that repeatedly stops and starts during sleep12

View in glossary

A specialist who helps someone recover or live with their symptoms more easily

View in glossary

A machine that removes other gases from the air to provide oxygen for oxygen therapy11

View in glossary

An education and exercise program designed to improve the quality of life for people with lung conditions16

View in glossary

A physician specialised in lung problems (also known as a respirologist)

View in glossary

A product that gives protection against a specific infection

View in glossary

A test used to monitor oxygen levels in a patient’s blood, usually with a non-invasive sensor11

View in glossary

A breathing technique to help control breathlessness and reduce anxiety17

View in glossary

A disease that affects only a small percentage of the population

View in glossary

Something that is associated with an increased risk of disease or infection

View in glossary

A technique that helps to reduce stress and anxiety by helping to understand and manage your emotions

View in glossary

Therapies used alongside conventional treatments that help treat symptoms and may improve overall physical and mental wellbeing

View in glossary

A medical study that investigates how safe and effective a new therapy or technique is for treating a certain disease

View in glossary

A disease or condition that occurs at the same time as another disease or condition

View in glossary

A device to deliver compressed air to improve sleep in people with obstructive sleep apnoea6

View in glossary

A disease where a waxy substance (plaque) builds up inside the coronary arteries, which supply oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle7

View in glossary

A type of chronic disease that typically worsens over time and is characterized by long-term breathing problems and poor airflow. Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are older terms used for COPD5

View in glossary

Refers to the heart, and blood vessels

View in glossary

A type of medication that aims to slow the scarring and stiffening of lungs to slow disease progression2

View in glossary

Tiny air sacs in the lungs where the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide to and from the blood takes place

View in glossary

A test that shows how well the lungs are working by measuring how much oxygen and carbon dioxide is in the blood. This test requires that a small volume of blood be drawn from the patient3

View in glossary

Techniques that involve breathing in a certain way to control breathlessness and strengthen your lungs

View in glossary

A procedure in which a bronchoscope (a medical instrument like a tube) is passed through the mouth or nose into the lung and fluid is squirted into a small part of the lung and then collected for examination4

View in glossary

A lung condition where the air sacs within the lungs (alveoli) become damaged5

View in glossary

Extreme weariness resulting from exertion or illness

View in glossary

Of unknown cause

View in glossary

Rapid and uncontrolled breathing

View in glossary

A disease where there is progressive scarring or thickening of the lungs without a known cause4

View in glossary

The surgical removal of cells or tissue samples from the lung for examination by a pathologist10

View in glossary

The lung tissue becomes thickened and stiff

View in glossary

A test that uses a type of X-ray that produces multiple, detailed images of areas inside the body4

View in glossary

A burning sensation in the chest, which can spread to the throat, along with a sour taste in the mouth

View in glossary

Where inflamed tissue is replaced with scar tissue, making it thicken and become stiffer4

View in glossary

A symptom where the ends of the fingers become wider and rounder8

View in glossary

A digestive disease where stomach acid moves up out of the stomach and irritates the lining of the food pipe (oesophagus)9

View in glossary

A physician specializing in the management of diseases of the digestive system

View in glossary

An event characterized by sudden, severe worsening of symptoms or an increase in disease severity1

View in glossary
  • Don’t change the flow rate on your oxygen from what your treatment team prescribed; getting the right amount of oxygen for your personal symptoms is important
  • Don’t smoke while you’re using oxygen
  • Avoid certain products and devices while using oxygen, for example:
    • Petroleum-based lubricants like Vaseline, Chapstick, or Blistex on chapped lips or nostrils
    • Electrical appliances such as hair dryers, curling irons, heating pads and electric razors
    • Flammable liquids, such as cleaning fluid, paint thinner and aerosols (for example hair spray or deodorant)
    • Alcohol-based hand sanitizers
    • Oil based products, such as vapour rubs, oil-based hand lotions and petroleum jelly
  • Never cut your oxygen tubing and never use more than a 15 meter (50-foot) long tubing
  • Don’t store your oxygen in enclosed spaces such as in the boot of a car
Quick Tip
An operation to replace a patient’s diseased lungs with lungs from a donor
View in glossary

The worsening of a disease/condition over time

View in glossary

A formal documentation when someone else is given the responsibility to manage your affairs and make certain decisions on your behalf

View in glossary

Refers to the lungs

View in glossary

A group of tests used to check how well the lungs take in and release air and how well they supply oxygen to the rest of the body14

View in glossary

A type of high blood pressure that affects the blood vessels to the lungs and the right side of the heart15

View in glossary

Therapy that provides relief from symptoms to help patients live more comfortably with their disease13

View in glossary

Administration of oxygen as a medical intervention11

View in glossary

A small plastic tube or prongs that fit in the nostrils to deliver supplementary oxygen11

View in glossary

Listening to and playing music as a therapy which aims to ease the symptoms of those living with IPF

View in glossary

A sleep disorder characterised by breathing that repeatedly stops and starts during sleep12

View in glossary

A specialist who helps someone recover or live with their symptoms more easily

View in glossary

A machine that removes other gases from the air to provide oxygen for oxygen therapy11

View in glossary

An education and exercise program designed to improve the quality of life for people with lung conditions16

View in glossary

A physician specialised in lung problems (also known as a respirologist)

View in glossary

A product that gives protection against a specific infection

View in glossary

A test used to monitor oxygen levels in a patient’s blood, usually with a non-invasive sensor11

View in glossary

A breathing technique to help control breathlessness and reduce anxiety17

View in glossary

A disease that affects only a small percentage of the population

View in glossary

Something that is associated with an increased risk of disease or infection

View in glossary

A technique that helps to reduce stress and anxiety by helping to understand and manage your emotions

View in glossary

Therapies used alongside conventional treatments that help treat symptoms and may improve overall physical and mental wellbeing

View in glossary

A medical study that investigates how safe and effective a new therapy or technique is for treating a certain disease

View in glossary

A disease or condition that occurs at the same time as another disease or condition

View in glossary

A device to deliver compressed air to improve sleep in people with obstructive sleep apnoea6

View in glossary

A disease where a waxy substance (plaque) builds up inside the coronary arteries, which supply oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle7

View in glossary

A type of chronic disease that typically worsens over time and is characterized by long-term breathing problems and poor airflow. Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are older terms used for COPD5

View in glossary

Refers to the heart, and blood vessels

View in glossary

A type of medication that aims to slow the scarring and stiffening of lungs to slow disease progression2

View in glossary

Tiny air sacs in the lungs where the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide to and from the blood takes place

View in glossary

A test that shows how well the lungs are working by measuring how much oxygen and carbon dioxide is in the blood. This test requires that a small volume of blood be drawn from the patient3

View in glossary

Techniques that involve breathing in a certain way to control breathlessness and strengthen your lungs

View in glossary

A procedure in which a bronchoscope (a medical instrument like a tube) is passed through the mouth or nose into the lung and fluid is squirted into a small part of the lung and then collected for examination4

View in glossary

A lung condition where the air sacs within the lungs (alveoli) become damaged5

View in glossary

Extreme weariness resulting from exertion or illness

View in glossary

Of unknown cause

View in glossary

Rapid and uncontrolled breathing

View in glossary

A disease where there is progressive scarring or thickening of the lungs without a known cause4

View in glossary

The surgical removal of cells or tissue samples from the lung for examination by a pathologist10

View in glossary

The lung tissue becomes thickened and stiff

View in glossary

A test that uses a type of X-ray that produces multiple, detailed images of areas inside the body4

View in glossary

A burning sensation in the chest, which can spread to the throat, along with a sour taste in the mouth

View in glossary

Where inflamed tissue is replaced with scar tissue, making it thicken and become stiffer4

View in glossary

A symptom where the ends of the fingers become wider and rounder8

View in glossary

A digestive disease where stomach acid moves up out of the stomach and irritates the lining of the food pipe (oesophagus)9

View in glossary

A physician specializing in the management of diseases of the digestive system

View in glossary

An event characterized by sudden, severe worsening of symptoms or an increase in disease severity1

View in glossary
If you do not know which type of oxygen therapy you have been prescribed, ask your doctor or treatment team who will be able to explain the type of oxygen you have been given and why
An operation to replace a patient’s diseased lungs with lungs from a donor
View in glossary

The worsening of a disease/condition over time

View in glossary

A formal documentation when someone else is given the responsibility to manage your affairs and make certain decisions on your behalf

View in glossary

Refers to the lungs

View in glossary

A group of tests used to check how well the lungs take in and release air and how well they supply oxygen to the rest of the body14

View in glossary

A type of high blood pressure that affects the blood vessels to the lungs and the right side of the heart15

View in glossary

Therapy that provides relief from symptoms to help patients live more comfortably with their disease13

View in glossary

Administration of oxygen as a medical intervention11

View in glossary

A small plastic tube or prongs that fit in the nostrils to deliver supplementary oxygen11

View in glossary

Listening to and playing music as a therapy which aims to ease the symptoms of those living with IPF

View in glossary

A sleep disorder characterised by breathing that repeatedly stops and starts during sleep12

View in glossary

A specialist who helps someone recover or live with their symptoms more easily

View in glossary

A machine that removes other gases from the air to provide oxygen for oxygen therapy11

View in glossary

An education and exercise program designed to improve the quality of life for people with lung conditions16

View in glossary

A physician specialised in lung problems (also known as a respirologist)

View in glossary

A product that gives protection against a specific infection

View in glossary

A test used to monitor oxygen levels in a patient’s blood, usually with a non-invasive sensor11

View in glossary

A breathing technique to help control breathlessness and reduce anxiety17

View in glossary

A disease that affects only a small percentage of the population

View in glossary

Something that is associated with an increased risk of disease or infection

View in glossary

A technique that helps to reduce stress and anxiety by helping to understand and manage your emotions

View in glossary

Therapies used alongside conventional treatments that help treat symptoms and may improve overall physical and mental wellbeing

View in glossary

A medical study that investigates how safe and effective a new therapy or technique is for treating a certain disease

View in glossary

A disease or condition that occurs at the same time as another disease or condition

View in glossary

A device to deliver compressed air to improve sleep in people with obstructive sleep apnoea6

View in glossary

A disease where a waxy substance (plaque) builds up inside the coronary arteries, which supply oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle7

View in glossary

A type of chronic disease that typically worsens over time and is characterized by long-term breathing problems and poor airflow. Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are older terms used for COPD5

View in glossary

Refers to the heart, and blood vessels

View in glossary

A type of medication that aims to slow the scarring and stiffening of lungs to slow disease progression2

View in glossary